“The dangerous information is that it wasn’t higher than the flu both,” Grosso mentioned. “We have to remember the fact that influenza stays a critical well being danger in childhood, particularly for these below 2, these with underlying well being issues or each.”
The brand new examine included 315 youngsters, median age 8.4 years, who have been recognized with COVID-19 between March 25 and Might 15, 2020. Their medical information have been in comparison with these of greater than 1,400 youngsters, median age 3.9 years, who have been recognized with seasonal flu between Oct. 1, 2019 and June 6, 2020.
Of the COVID-19 sufferers, about 17% ended up needing hospitalization, together with practically 6% who have been admitted to the ICU and three% who have been placed on ventilators.
Among the many flu sufferers, simply over 21% have been hospitalized, 7% have been admitted to the ICU, and about 2% have been placed on ventilators, in response to the examine printed on-line Sept. 8 in JAMA Community Open.
In each teams, fever was the most typical symptom on the time of analysis, adopted by cough. Kids hospitalized with COVID-19 have been extra probably than these hospitalized with the flu to have fever (76% versus 55%), cough (48% versus 31%), diarrhea or vomiting (26% versus 12%), headache (11% versus 3%), physique ache (22% versus 7%), and chest ache (11% versus 3%).
The researchers additionally discovered that there was a sudden drop in flu circumstances on the hospital after native faculties closed in mid-March and stay-at-home orders have been issued about two weeks later to scale back the unfold of the new coronavirus.
The impact of college closures on the unfold of the coronavirus is the subsequent focus of their analysis, the examine authors mentioned.
“We need to assess the quantitative affect of college closures so we are able to decide at what level the price of closing faculties and staying at residence outweighs the advantage of lowering transmission of COVID-19 and burdens on the well being care system,” Music defined.
Grosso agreed that as flu season approaches, discovering the solutions to these questions turns into extra pressing.
“What we do not know is how present social distancing efforts will affect the variety of contaminated youngsters or what number of will get simultaneous an infection with SARS-CoV-2 [the virus that causes COVID-19] and one other virus,” Grosso mentioned. “We are able to solely hope that these efforts — and flu immunization on the earliest attainable time — will shield children from the worst of those viral infections.”